Wednesday, 27 December 2017

Digital India.

"The most fundamental debate for our youth is the choice between Android, iOS or                                                                            Windows"                                                                               PM Modi has often time and again laid emphasis on using technology to overcome issues ranging from farming to governance. The Digital India Group on MyGov is a significant step towards that goal.
It’s one of the fastest growing groups on the MyGov site with 37,590 members and is open to members who preferences are Digital Technologies which include Cloud Computing and Mobile Applications. The aim of the group is to
“Come out with innovative ideas and practical solutions to realise Hon’ble Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s vision of a digital India.”
All you have to do to get started is to register on the site, pick a group of your liking and choose a task listed on the group!

Comments on the group page include-
  1. The Indian Farmer should benefit from the IT sector. Linking of Soil record, with Farm Output and selling price in comparison with world prices. If data on seeds sowed can be got, a pattern on output can be realized.
  2. Now India needs up gradation of government staff to technical one. Every record must be in database to enhance performance, security, maintenance.
  3. Every School must have a central server that will connected to central cloud of containing all sorts of E Training material ( both for teachers as well as students section wise ) All students above 6th should be give tablets like Aakash but more powerful( costing around 3000 ) with which they will connect to their school server freely. All e-Material should be created in regional language as well as English. Do not give subsidy to 100% tab but give to only those who can’t afford.
  4. Digitization of services using technology is valuable for creating transparency, responsibility and quick runaround. Educating people of its value and widespread usage thereafter will ensure private sector participation for e.g. passport process developed by TCS. Government should educate people and ensure easy access to internet on mobile devices. All regional and cooperative banks must be encouraged to provide ATM services.
  5. RFID -Short for radio frequency identification, RFID is a technology similar in theory to bar code identification. Could be integrated with small electronic chip & used for individual phones for unique user Identification, Transactions made by him/her, Shopping, Tour & Travel, Hotel & Restaurant Bills, Energy, Gas, Water, Bus, Train, Air, Boating, etc. bills…One stop solution for all bills.
  6. WIFI should be freely enabled through-out India for better communication, knowledge sharing, and digitalization of our nation.
  7. E-Seva Centers in every Village as single window delivery of all government services to public.
  8. When we add more and more number of services that can be availed electronically, automatically people will get attracted to it. After achieving a certain stage, some can be made ONLY available electronically. The Kerala model of “Akshaya Kendras” is highly successful in providing a large number of services at all locations. People can go there, submit applications, which will be processed electronically and service will be made available within a fixed number of days. No bribes, no worries.
  9. Bring in the judicial system on digital platform and connect them with police department, CBI, forensic etc. so that unwanted and harassing process could be allayed.
  10. Voting rights to students through e-voting. Students go to other places for studies and at the time of election they are not able to vote due to distance. Even lots of students couldn’t vote in this election. A separate website should be launched for e-voting. If any student send request of online voting with proper documents that he/she is studying in other city, a password should be sent to him/her so he/she may vote through e-voting.
  11. The Government has already taken the right step with the ‘Indian Citizen ID Card'(ICIC) project. This central database should store all the information about every citizen, starting from DOB Cert, educational cert, Voter ID, Ration Card, DL, PAN, Passport, Gas, Electricity, Telephone consumer ID, bank account numbers, biometrics, insurance, vehicle’s registration number etc. A single digital ICIC should be given to all citizens or just a number they should memorize. That card or number should be mandatory for all starting from school admission for their kids, hospital admission, traffic check points, purchasing rail/air tickets to insurance to color tv. Every government of private body has to verify their ICIC number through a simple mobile App, where they simply enter the ICICI number and the App displays the details of the citizen. The App can also do thumb impression verification (technology is capable to do that). This will not only make like easy for the citizens, but also reduce corruption. I request the PMO to invite for full PPT presentations on this, so that we get an opportunity to share the idea in details.

    Tuesday, 26 December 2017

    Girl Child

              Day of the Girl Child progress report: India has moved forward in empowering girls but still lags much of the world

    Today is International Day of the Girl Child, a good day to celebrate the progress India has made in advancing the rights of half its children. Concerted efforts over the last decades are bringing results. According to the National Family and Health Survey (2015-16), teenage pregnancy has halved in the last 10 years and the percentage of girls married as children has decreased from 47% to 27%.

    More girls are going to school than ever before and more of these schools now have girls’ toilets and menstrual hygiene management facilities. Girls are being increasingly celebrated by media as adventurous, ambitious and determined. Advertisements today include women and girls on motorbikes, in sports fields and in executive boardrooms.

    The Indian Constitution provides a powerful mandate for human rights in its Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties and specific provisions for affirmative action. The government has instituted laws and policies protecting the rights of girls and women, including a ban on dowry, pre-birth sex determination and child marriage. State schemes and programmes provide bicycles, hostels, life skills and stipends.


    Nationally, Beti Bachao Beti Padhao directly tackles pre-birth sex-determination and along with Sabla and Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana supports the empowerment of girls. “One stop shop” centres for survivors of violence against women have been set up and are being utilised. Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Yojana, Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakaram and Janani Suraksha Yojana support pregnant women, new mothers and infants.

    India is also home to robust social movements and organisations for gender equality and women’s rights. Few of us can forget the months after December 2012 when one of the largest protests on violence against women and girls resulted in the Indian Parliament amending within three months Section 375 of the Indian Penal Code. This now includes largely progressive elements on preventing and responding to violence against women and girls. Stories and images of girls and boys fighting gender based discrimination and violence fill newspapers every day in every language.

    These efforts are critical. Girls in India lag behind boys in almost every indicator. They are less likely to be born, less likely to be taken to doctors when they are sick, less likely to go to private school and less likely to graduate from secondary school and university.
    Indian girls are more likely to be anaemic than Indian boys but also fare worse than the global average for anaemia. 167 out of 1,00,000 Indian girls and women die giving birth, compared to a developed country average of 14. Indian girls are more likely to be married as children than boys, more likely to be sexually abused and trafficked.
    In his first Independence Day speech in 2014, Prime Minister Narendra Modi noted that the development of the country lay in supporting its girls. The government’s role is crucial, necessary, not enough. Achieving equality for girls and boys, women and men, starts in small decisions and bold steps in our own lives.

    Monday, 25 December 2017

    Beti Bachao Beti Padhao.


                       Beti Bachao Beti Padhao: Some thoughts

    The media reported a new-born girl having been rescued from a “lavatory bowl” in Sheopur district of Madhya Pradesh; the mother having accidentally “delivered” the girl child into the toilet! Although the authorities are still investigating this particular case, it is a stark reminder that we Indians shamelessly continue to kill a large number of our girls either inside the mother’s womb or after their birth.

    In our Indian society, a woman has various connotations including “Durga”, “Laxmi”, “Love”, “Mother”, “Honour”, “Pride”, “Beauty” but also “Prostitution”, “Trafficking”, “Rape”, “Acid Attack”, “Harassment”, and “Slave”. For a long time, a girl child has been considered a curse in the Indian society; a social burden, for “who will carry forward the legacy of the family”; an economic burden, for “who is going to pay that hefty amount of dowry”. Although already one of the top powers in the world, the demons of ill minded societal norms still cloud over India’s present. For some reasons, we have not been collectively able to overcome these archaic norms and narrow minded thinking. For some reasons, we continue to fail our girls.

    Even though we have sufficient laws banning female foeticide, the problem has not gone away. In fact, many would argue that the problem has only become worse. This perhaps necessitates a different approach to solving this menace. We do not need families not killing a girl child because the laws say so, or because they fear being punished. We need them to not kill a girl because they want a daughter. We need them to celebrate having a baby girl. Towards this end we think that in addition to penalizing the offence, there needs to be a robust mechanism which incentivizes having a girl child in the Indian families. We offer some thoughts in this respect.

    At the core of female foeticide is the notion of our girls considered as “paraya dhan”. The logic in the minds of some Indian families is fairly simple really. All the investments on a girl child including on education, health, clothing and food would not come back as returns. In fact, these investments would need to be topped up by a substantial one-time dowry payment at the time of marriage. On the other hand, for a male child not only the investments are going to yield a net return (presumption being that the boy would take care of his parents in their old age) but the incoming dowry amount, at the time of the boy’s marriage, is also a net profit.

    To tackle this effectively, firstly, we should try and abolish dowry once and for all. We Indians have an extremely rich set of traditions and we are all proud of it. Dowry is certainly not one of them and needs to end.  Although we have legislations to deter this practise, these legislations have not been very effective. To deal with this effectively, in addition to the current laws and regulations, the idea of dowry has to be put “out of fashion”. This could be done with the help of popular media, Bollywood, and popular Indian celebrities. Good Bollywood and regional cinema on the lines of “Toilet: Ek Prem Katha” should be actively encouraged with tax incentives. Additionally, some regions in India, especially parts of North-east, are shining examples in this context. These should be brought to the mainstream.

    The other aspect is to address the reliability of the notion of the male child being the future bread earner of the family. Although it is difficult to get data of how many parents in their old age are being supported by their sons and daughters, in percentage terms, it is certainly true that with changing lifestyles and rising income levels Indian families are becoming more nuclear. The dependence of parents on their sons is reducing pretty much automatically due to a variety of reasons. Although this might not be true for all families, it is certainly true of a significant number of families. Moreover, this trend is catching on. 
    In this context, government intervention at the central and state levels would help. Annual tax benefits could be given to parents of a girl child. We already have higher non-taxable income slabs for females but we need to extend this benefit to the parents of the girl child. The tax rebate to females does not majorly benefit the girl’s parents as the female gets married at the prime of her career and thus her husband’s family gets the primary benefit. The income tax rebate to a girl’s parents would take care of this.

    Additionally, the government could look at the possibility of reimbursing a percentage of taxes paid by the parents of the girl child (if she survives of course) in their old age, that is, when they reach the age of 60 years. For the people living in rural areas and people with low income levels, subsidy on seeds, LPG, petrol and diesel and lower interest rates on loans from banks could also be explored, thus also contributing towards financial inclusion in the country.

    The governments at the Centre and state levels have been running campaigns to stop female foeticide and infanticide for a long while now and they are indeed commendable. But we have a long way to go before we are able to change the way our society operates. Decade long traditions and mind-sets will take ages to get altered. But we need to make a fresh and novel effort to get rid of this curse. We need to protect and actively encourage our girls so that they become the next Indira*, Arundhatti, Sania and Deepika. (please read as *Smt. Indira Gandhi , former Prime Minister; Smt. Arundhati Bhattacharya , banker; Mrs. Saina Mirza, athlete and Miss. Deepika Padukone, Bollywood celebrity).

    #A girl is nature’s beauty, saving her is our duty.

    The History of Christmas Tree.

    The evergreen fir tree has traditionally been used 
    to celebrate winter festivals (pagan and Christian) 
    for thousands of years. Pagans used branches of 
    it to decorate their homes during the winter solstice, 
    as it made them think of the spring to come. 
    The Romans used Fir Trees to decorate their temples 
    at the festival of Saturnalia. Christians use it as a 
    sign of everlasting life with God.
    Nobody is really sure when Fir trees were first used as Christmas trees. It probably began about 1000 years ago in Northern Europe. Many early Christmas Trees seem to have been hung upside down from the ceiling using chains (hung from chandeliers/lighting hooks).
    Other early Christmas Trees, across many parts of northern Europe, were cherry or hawthorn plants (or a branch of the plant) that were put into pots and brought inside so they would hopefully flower at Christmas time. If you couldn't afford a real plant, people made pyramids of woods and they were decorated to look like a tree with paper, apples and candles. Sometimes they were carried around from house to house, rather than being displayed in a home.
    It's possible that the wooden pyramid trees were meant to be like Paradise Trees. These were used in medieval German Mystery or Miracle Plays that were acted out in front of Churches on Christmas Eve. In early church calendars of saints, 24th December was Adam and Eve's day. The Paradise Tree represented the Garden of Eden. It was often paraded around the town before the play started, as a way of advertising the play. The plays told Bible stories to people who could not read.
    The first documented use of a tree at Christmas and New Year celebrations is argued between the cities of Tallinn in Estonia and Riga in Latvia! Both claim that they had the first trees; Tallinn in 1441 and Riga in 1510. Both trees were put up by the 'Brotherhood of Blackheads' which was an association of local unmarried merchants, ship owners, and foreigners in Livonia (what is now Estonia and Latvia).
    Little is known about either tree apart from that they were put in the town square, were danced around by the Brotherhood of Blackheads and were then set on fire. This is like the custom of the Yule Log. The word used for the 'tree' could also mean a mast or pole, tree might have been like a 'Paradise Tree' or a tree-shaped wooden candelabra rather than a 'real' tree.
    A picture from Germany in 1521 which shows a tree being paraded through the streets with a man riding a horse behind it. The man is dressed a bishop, possibly representing St. Nicholas.
    In 1584, the historian Balthasar Russow wrote about a tradition, in Riga, of a decorated fir tree in the market square where the young men “went with a flock of maidens and women, first sang and danced there and then set the tree aflame”. There's a record of a small tree in Breman, Germany from 1570. It is described as a tree decorated with "apples, nuts, dates, pretzels and paper flowers". It was displayed in a 'guild-house' (the meeting place for a society of business men in the city).

      The first person to bring a Christmas Tree into a house, in the way we know it today, may have been the 16th century German preacher Martin Luther. A story is told that, one night before Christmas, he was walking through the forest and looked up to see the stars shining through the tree branches. It was so beautiful, that he went home and told his children that it reminded him of Jesus, who left the stars of heaven to come to earth at Christmas. Some people say this is the same tree as the 'Riga' tree, but it isn't! The Riga tree originally took place a few decades earlier.
    The custom of having Christmas trees could well have travelled along the Baltic sea, from Latvia to Germany. In the 1400s and 1500s, the countries which are now Germany and Latvia were them part of two larger empires which were neighbors.
    Another story says that St. Boniface of Crediton (a village in Devon, UK) left England and traveled to Germany to preach to the pagan German tribes and convert them to Christianity. He is said to have come across a group of pagans about to sacrifice a young boy while worshipping an oak tree. In anger, and to stop the sacrifice, St. Boniface is said to have cut down the oak tree and, to his amazement, a young fir tree sprang up from the roots of the oak tree. St. Boniface took this as a sign of the Christian faith and his followers decorated the tree with candles so that St. Boniface could preach to the pagans at night.
    There is another legend, from Germany, about how the Christmas Tree came into being, it goes:
    Once on a cold Christmas Eve night, a forester and his family were in their cottage gathered round the fire to keep warm. Suddenly there was a knock on the door. When the forester opened the door, he found a poor little boy standing on the door step, lost and alone. The forester welcomed him into his house and the family fed and washed him and put him to bed in the youngest sons own bed (he had to share with his brother that night!). The next morning, Christmas Morning, the family were woken up by a choir of angels, and the poor little boy had turned into Jesus, the Christ Child. The Christ Child went into the front garden of the cottage and broke a branch off a Fir tree and gave it to the family as a present to say thank you for looking after him. So ever since them, people have remembered that night by bringing a Christmas Tree into their homes!

    In Germany, the first Christmas Trees were decorated with edible things, such as gingerbread and gold covered apples. Then glass makers made special small ornaments similar to some of the decorations used today. In 1605 an unknown German wrote: "At Christmas they set up fir trees in the parlours of Strasbourg and hang thereon roses cut out of many-colored paper, apples, wafers, gold foil, sweets, etc."
    At first, a figure of the Baby Jesus was put on the top of the tree. Over time it changed to an angel/fairy that told the shepherds about Jesus, or a star like the Wise Men saw.
    The first Christmas Trees came to Britain sometime in the 1830s. They became very popular in 1841, when Prince Albert (Queen Victoria's German husband) had a Christmas Tree set up in Windsor Castle. In 1848, drawing of "The Queen's Christmas tree at Windsor Castle" was published in the Illustrated London News. The drawing was republished in Godey's Lady's Book, Philadelphia in December 1850 (but they removed the Queen's crown and Prince Albert's moustache to make it look 'American'!).
    The publication of the drawing helped Christmas Trees become popular in the UK and USA.
    In Victorian times, the tree would have been decorated with candles to represent stars. In many parts of Europe, candles are still used to decorate Christmas trees.

    Christmas Tree Lights

    There are a few different claims as to who invented popularised the first strings of 'electric' Christmas Tree lights. In 1880, the famous inventor Thomas Edison put some of his new electric light bulbs around his office. And in 1882 Edward Johnson, who was a colleague of Edison, hand-strung 80 red, white and blue bulbs together and put them on his tree in his New York apartment (there were two additional strings of 28 lights mounted from the ceiling!).
    In 1890 the Edison company published a brochure offering lighting services for Christmas. In 1900 another Edison advert offered bulbs which you could rent, along with their lighting system, for use over Christmas! There are records in a diary from 1891 where settlers in Montana used electric lights on a tree. However, most people couldn't easily use electric tree lights at this time as electricity wasn't widely installed in homes. But rich people liked to show off with lights installed just for Christmas, this would have cost about $300 per tree then, more than $2000 money today!
    Electric tree lights first because widely known in the USA in 1895 when President Grover Cleveland has the tree in the White House decorated with lights as his young daughters liked them! The tradition of the National Christmas Tree on the White House lawn started in 1923 with President Calvin Coolidge.
    The first commercially available electric string of lights, which more people could afford, were advertised in 1903 when a string of 24 lights cost $12 or you could rent lights from $1.50. This was still quite expensive, but much cheaper than $300.
    Another claim to the first widespread sale of strings of lights comes from Ralph Morris, an American telephonist. In 1908, he used telephone wire to string together small bulbs from a telephone exchange and decorated a table top tree with them. Leavitt Morris, the son of Ralph, wrote an article in 1952 for the Christian Science Monitor, about his father inventing Christmas Tree lights, as he was un-aware of the Edison lights.
    In 1885 a hospital in Chicago burned down because of candles on a Christmas Tree. In 1908 insurance companies in the USA tried to get a law made that would ban candles from being used on Christmas Trees because of the many fires they had caused. However, people still used candles to light Christmas Trees and there were more fires.
    In 1917, a fire from Christmas Tree candles in New York, gave a teenager called Albert Sadacca an idea. His family came from Spain and made novelty wicker bird cages that lit up. Albert thought of using the lights in long strings and also suggested painting the bulbs bright colors like red and green. In the following years, he and his brothers formed the NOMA Electric Company, which became a very famous name in Christmas lights (I've actually got some old NOMA lights in my Christmas decorations!)
    The most lights lit at the same time on a Christmas tree is 194,672 and was done by Kiwanis Malmedy / Haute Fagnes Belgium in Malmedy, Belgium, on 10 December 2010!
    Many towns and villages have their own Christmas Trees. One of the most famous is the tree in Trafalgar Square in London, England, which is given to the UK by Norway every year as a 'thank you' present for the help the UK gave Norway in World War II. The White House in the USA has had a big tree on the front lawn since the 1920s.
    The record for the most Christmas trees chopped down in two minutes is 27 and belongs to Erin Lavoie from the USA. She set the record on 19th December 2008 on the set of Guinness World Records: Die GroBten Weltrekorde in Germany.
    Artificial Christmas Trees really started becoming popular in the early 20th century. In the Edwardian period Christmas Trees made from colored ostrich feathers were popular at 'fashionable' parties. Around 1900 there was even a short fashion for white trees - so if you thought colored trees are a new invention they're not! Over the years artificial tress have been made from feathers, papier mâché, metal, glass, and many different types of plastic.
    The tallest artificial Christmas tree was 52m (170.6ft) high and was covered in green PVC leaves!. It was called the 'Peace Tree' and was designed by Grupo Sonae Distribuição Brasil and was displayed in Moinhos de Vento Park, Porto Alegre, Brazil from 1st December 2001 until 6th January 2002.
    In many countries, different trees are used as Christmas trees. In New Zealand a tree called the 'Pohutakawa' that has red flowers is sometimes used and in India, Banana or Mango trees are sometimes decorated.
    You can decorate an online Christmas Tree in the fun section of the site!

    Thursday, 21 December 2017

    Women, you can stop working now. Here's why.

    A woman holds a sign at the wage equality for woman rally in Paris on Monday.

     It’s that time of year again. Thursday 10 November marks Equal Pay Day – the date from which, as a result of the gender pay gap, women in the UK are effectively working for free for the rest of the year. According to the Fawcett Society, the full-time pay gap stands at 13.9%, and at the current rate of progress it will take 60 years to close. And the figures are even starker for BAME women, who face a pay gap compared with white workers.

    But women across Europe have had enough, and have started staging walkouts to protest against this pay disparity. In October, thousands of women in Iceland left work at 2.38pm on a Monday afternoon, the time from which they are essentially working for free every eight-hour day. And this week, women in French workplaces, including Paris city hall, downed tools at precisely 4.34pm, highlighting the moment at which their annual 38.2 days of “unpaid labour” began.

    Such protests draw attention to the gender pay gap – a phenomenon that has become so normalised that women are encouraged to simply accept it (when we’re not being repeatedly told that it doesn’t exist at all). Why should we continue to accept being constantly short-changed?
    So, inspired by the women of Iceland and France, I have a few ideas about how women in the UK could highlight the 14% deficit they face, and see how readily others are prepared simply to shrug and get on with it …
    • From 10 November onwards, when doing the office tea round, ensure your male colleagues’ mugs are just 86% full, let their tea water cool 14 degrees after the kettle reaches boiling point and, just to drive the point home, take a small but pointed bite out of their biscuit.
    •  When dropping children off at school (a task that is part of the unpaid caring work still disproportionately done by women), drive only 86% of the way, then stop abruptly, bundle them out and let them walk the remaining 14% of the journey. Similarly, clean only 86% of any room, scrape 14% of the food off any plate you have prepared for male family members and take care to wash only 86% of any sock belonging to a male partner. Simply cutting the toes off before washing would be an efficient way to achieve this.

    • Women in different careers, feel free to be creative and make the point in your own unique and personal ways. Surgeons, down your scalpels with 14% of the operation left to go; waitresses, cut a 14% wedge out of each customer’s pizza; actresses, walk off stage 86% of the way through a play, leaving the audience to guess the ending. I advise female refuse collectors to leave 14% of the contents of each resident’s bin in a neat pile on their doorstep.
    If engaging in any kind of sexual activity with a male partner between now and New Year’s Day, wait until you estimate that they are precisely 86% of the way towards climaxing before stopping abruptly and abandoning said sexual activity for a good book or a Jessica Jones box set. 
    These are, of course, tongue-in-cheek suggestions. But it is frustrating to wonder how long it will take before this inequality is seen as an urgent problem, rather than simply an inevitable burden more than half the population must continue to shoulder. And most importantly of all ...

                               The New Wealth OF Nation Is Education.

         In The New Wealth of Nations, Bhalla takes on Thomas Piketty and his ilk and points out that contrary to the popular notion, inequality is declining in both advanced economies and developing nations, including India. And his central argument is that this has been made possible by education. Make no mistake, the new wealth of nations is not gold, or land, but education.

    If there is a freakonomist in India it is none other than Surjit S Bhalla. Bhalla is a purveyor of uncommon wisdom that provokes you, especially if you are a bleeding heart liberal. And to say that Bhalla is a confident and ambitious man would be an understatement. He does not hold back his punches and the title of his new book in itself is enough to irk many of his peers—The New Wealth of Nations (Published by Simon & Schuster India, Pages 207, Price Rs 599)—as if he is the Adam Smith of our times. But times, they are changing, that is what Bhalla is singing.

    Bhalla discusses the course of the wealth of nations over the last three hundred years and the important role played by education in helping the poor countries move towards convergence with the rich countries.
    Bhalla also reminds us that there was less of an inequality in the world three hundred years ago because everyone was relatively poor. In 1500, income in China and India was close to the world average; two hundred years later, in 1700, the average was 10 percent lower; in 1890, aided by the heavy presence of colonialism in India, the average became less than half, says Bhalla. But significantly, in 1870, China had 100% illiterates and India, 99.6%. (In 1700 and before, there was zero education wealth inequality.)
    Bhalla is a reader’s delight in the way he organizes his arguments and presents them in a clear, simple and elegant style. He ensures that he is not opaque and takes you to the nub of the matter in a few short sentences. Bhalla makes his charts, figures and adds up the numbers but befitting a freakonmist, he spices up his tome with an outlier theme—songs.
    Each of the 13 chapters in The New Wealth of Nations has a lyrical preface, starting with Bob Dylan and his The Times They Are A-Changing, something that readily hooks a wary reader and keeps him awake, not weary of the hefty subject that he is asked to negotiate with. The New Wealth of Nations sizzles with wit and wisdom and is a great read to end 2017 and welcome another year of promise and prosperity.

    Wednesday, 20 December 2017

    Swachh Bharat.

                   Swachh Bharat: Picking up a clean habit

    Halfway into the implementation of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA), grassroots leaders like sarpanches, especially women, are playing an increasingly pivotal role in accelerating progress. Since the launch of the programme in October 2014, sanitation coverage in India has gone up from 42% to 62%, the number of people defecating in the open in rural India has come down from about 550 million to about 350 million, with 175,000 villages, 120 districts and three states becoming open defecation-free (ODF). SBA is now well on track to achieve an ODF India by October 2, 2019..The campaign was officially launched on 2 October 2014 at RajghatNew Delhi by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. It is India's largest cleanliness drive to date with 3 million government employees, school students, and college students from all parts of India participating in 4,041 statutory cities, towns and associated rural areas.

                   "Let us fulfil Mahatma Gandhi`s vision of Clean India – Swachh Bharat""

    The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, today exhorted people to fulfil Mahatma Gandhi`s vision of Clean India. Launching the Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan at Rajpath in New Delhi, the Prime Minister paid homage to two great sons of Mother India, Mahatma Gandhi and former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri, on their birth anniversary.He recalled how the nation`s farmers had responded to Shri Shastri`s call of "Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan," and made India self-sufficient in food security. He said that out of Gandhiji`s two dreams – Quit India, and Clean India, the people had helped to ensure that the first became a reality. However, the second dream – Clean India – still remained unfulfilled.

    ""PM invites nine public figures to contribute to Swachh Bharat and share their  experience on social media""
    LPP_9055  _ 684

    The Prime Minister congratulated the winners of the crowdsourcing contests for logo and tagline of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan – Anant from Maharashtra and Bhagyashree from Gujarat. The tag-line is "Ek Kadam Swachhta Ki Ore" The Prime Minister was joined by noted film actor Aamir Khan on stage, as he administered the Swachhta Shapath (Cleanliness Pledge) to the large assembled gathering. Union Ministers Venkaiah Naidu and Nitin Gadkari also addressed the gathering.Earlier, the Prime Minister visited Rajghat and Vijay Ghat to offer floral tributes to two great sons of India, Mahatma Gandhi and Lal Bahadur Shastri, on their birth anniversary. He later visited the Valmiki Basti, where Gandhiji had once stayed, and initiated a cleanliness drive there. The Prime Minister also paid a surprise visit to the Mandir Marg police station in New Delhi. He himself picked up a broom to clean dirt. He later exhorted police officials to maintain cleanliness.
                                               " CLEAN INDIA BEAUTIFUL INDIA."

    Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA) (or Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) or Clean India Mission in English) is a campaign in India that aims to clean up the streets, roads and infrastructure of India's cities, smaller towns, and rural areas. The objectives of Swachh Bharat include eliminating open defecation through the construction of household-owned and community-owned toilets and establishing an accountable mechanism of monitoring toilet use. Run by the Government of India, the mission aims to achieve an Open-Defecation Free (ODF) India by 2 October 2019, the 150th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi, by constructing 12 million toilets in rural India at a projected cost of ₹1.96 lakh crore (US$30 billion).
    Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA) (or Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) or Clean India Mission in English) is a campaign in India that aims to clean up the streets, roads and infrastructure of India's cities, smaller towns, and rural areas. The objectives of Swachh Bharat include eliminating open defecation through the construction of household-owned and community-owned toilets and establishing an accountable mechanism of monitoring toilet use. Run by the Government of India, the mission aims to achieve an Open-Defecation Free (ODF) India by 2 October 2019, the 150th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi, by constructing 12 million toilets in rural India at a projected cost of ₹1.96 lakh crore (US$30 billion).
    Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA) (or Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) or Clean India Mission in English) is a campaign in India that aims to clean up the streets, roads and infrastructure of India's cities, smaller towns, and rural areas. The objectives of Swachh Bharat include eliminating open defecation through the construction of household-owned and community-owned toilets and establishing an accountable mechanism of monitoring toilet use. Run by the Government of India, the mission aims to achieve an Open-Defecation Free (ODF) India by 2 October 2019, the 150th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi, by constructing 12 million toilets in rural India at a projected cost of ₹1.96 lakh crore (US$30 billion).
    Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA) (or Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) or Clean India Mission in English) is a campaign in India that aims to clean up the streets, roads and infrastructure of India's cities, smaller towns, and rural areas. The objectives of Swachh Bharat include eliminating open defecation through the construction of household-owned and community-owned toilets and establishing an accountable mechanism of monitoring toilet use. Run by the Government of India, the mission aims to achieve an Open-Defecation Free (ODF) India by 2 October 2019, the 150th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi, by constructing 12 million toilets in rural India at a projected cost of ₹1.96 lakh crore (US$30 billion).

    Tuesday, 19 December 2017

    Personal Development For Women's.

    " This is where you find the confidence to achieve your dreams "
    Personal development covers activities that improve awareness and identity, develop talents and potential, build human capital and facilitate employability, enhance the quality of life and contribute to the realization of dreams and aspirations. Personal development takes place over the course of a person's entire life. Not limited to self-help, the concept involves formal and informal activities for developing others in roles such as teacherguidecounselormanagerlife coach or mentor. When personal development takes place in the context of institutions, it refers to the methods, programs, tools, techniques, and assessment systems that support human development at the individual level in organizations.
    Image result for personal development images

    Business-to-consumer market.

    The business-to-consumer market involves selling books, courses and techniques to individuals, such as:
    • newly invented offerings such as:
      • fitness
      • beauty enhancement
      • weight loss
    • traditional practices such as:
      • yoga
      • martial arts
      • meditation
    Some programs are delivered online and many include tools sold with a program, such as motivational books for self-help, recipes for weight-loss or technical manuals for yoga and martial-arts programs.
    A partial list of personal development offerings on the business-to-individual market might include:
    • books
    • motivational speaking
    • e-Learning programs
    • workshops
    • individual counseling
    • life coaching
    Time Management
    Business-to-business market

    The business-to-business market also involves programs – in this case ones sold to companies and to governments to assess potential, to improve effectiveness, to manage work-life balance or to prepare some entity for a new role in an organization. The goals of these programs are defined with the institution or by the institution and the results are assessed.Universities and business schools also contract programs to external specialist firms or to individuals.
    A partial list of business-to-business programs might include:
    • marketing and market development
    • time management
    • courses and assessment systems for higher education organizations for their students
    • management services to employees in organizations through:
      • training
      • training and development programs
      • personal-development tools
      • self-assessment
      • feedback
      • business coaching
      • mentoring
    Some consulting firms specialize in personal development but as of 2009 generalist firms operating in the fields of human resources, recruitment and organizational strategy have entered what they perceive as a growing market, not to mention smaller firms and self-employed professionals who provide consulting, training and coaching.
    Additionally, the International Association for Personal Development Professionals (IAPDP), an international trade group launched in 2013 to support professionals in the self-help industry.